Oops! It appears that you have disabled your Javascript. In order for you to see this page as it is meant to appear, we ask that you please re-enable your Javascript!

A bright γ-ray flare interpreted as a giant magnetar flare in NGC 253

  • 1.

    Kaspi, V. M. & Beloborodov, A. M. Magnetars. Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 55, 261–301 (2017).

    ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • 2.

    Mazets, E. P. et al. A giant flare from a soft gamma repeater in the Andromeda galaxy (M31). Astrophys. J. 680, 545–549 (2008).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  • 3.

    Duncan, R. C. & Thompson, C. Formation of very strongly magnetized neutron stars: implications for gamma-ray bursts. Astrophys. J. 392, L9–L13 (1992).

    ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • 4.

    Mereghetti, S. et al. Magnetars: properties, origin and evolution. Space Sci. Rev. 191, 315–338 (2015).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  • 5.

    Hurley, K. et al. An exceptionally bright flare from SGR 1806−20 and the origins of short-duration γ-ray bursts. Nature 434, 1098–1103 (2005).

    ADS  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • 6.

    Popov, S. B. & Stern, B. E. Soft gamma repeaters outside the Local Group. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 365, 885–890 (2006).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  • 7.

    Abbott, B. P. et al. Multi-messenger observations of a binary neutron star merger. Astrophys. J. 848, L12 (2017).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  • 8.

    Ofek, E. O. et al. The short-hard GRB 051103: observations and implications for its nature. Astrophys. J. 652, 507–511 (2006).

    ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • 9.

    Frederiks, D. D. et al. On the possibility of identifying the short hard burst GRB 051103 with a giant flare from a soft gamma repeater in the M81 group of galaxies. Astron. Lett. 33, 19–24 (2007).

    ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • 10.

    Hurley, K. et al. A new analysis of the short-duration, hard-spectrum GRB 051103, a possible extragalactic soft gamma repeater giant flare. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 403, 342–352 (2010).

    ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • 11.

    Ofek, E. O. et al. GRB 070201: a possible soft gamma-ray repeater in M31. Astrophys. J. 681, 1464–1469 (2008).

    ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • 12.

    Palmer, D. M. et al. A giant γ-ray flare from the magnetar SGR 1806−20. Nature 434, 1107–1109 (2005).

    ADS  CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  • 13.

    Frederiks, D. D. et al. Giant flare in SGR 1806−20 and its Compton reflection from the Moon. Astron. Lett. 33, 1–18 (2007).

    ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • 14.

    Rekola, R. et al. Distance to NGC 253 based on the planetary nebula luminosity function. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 361, 330–336 (2005).

    ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • 15.

    Burns, E. et al. Identification of a local sample of gamma-ray bursts consistent with a magnetar giant flare origin. Astrophys. J. (in the press).

  • 16.

    Frederiks, D. et al. Konus-Wind observation of GRB 200415A (a magnetar giant flare in Sculptor galaxy?). GRB Coordinates Network 27596 (2020).

  • 17.

    Karachentsev, I. D. & Kashibadze, O. G. Masses of the local group and of the M81 group estimated from distortions in the local velocity field. Astrophysics 49, 3–18 (2006).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  • 18.

    Svinkin, D. S. et al. The second Konus-Wind catalog of short gamma-ray bursts. Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 224, 10 (2016).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  • 19.

    Aptekar, R. L. et al. Konus Catalog of soft gamma repeater activity: 1978 to 2000. Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 137, 227–277 (2001).

    ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • 20.

    Tanaka, Y. T. et al. Comparative study of the initial spikes of soft gamma-ray repeater giant flares in 1998 and 2004 observed with geotail: do magnetospheric instabilities trigger large-scale fracturing of a magnetar’s crust? Astrophys. J. 665, L55–L58 (2007).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  • 21.

    Terasawa, T. et al. Repeated injections of energy in the first 600 ms of the giant flare of SGR 1806−20. Nature 434, 1110–1111 (2005).

    ADS  CAS  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  • 22.

    Roberts, O. J. et al. Rapid spectral variability of a giant flare from a magnetar in NGC 253. Nature https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-03077-8 (2021).

  • 23.

    Abadie, J. et al. Implications for the origin of GRB 051103 from LIGO observations. Astrophys. J. 755, 2 (2012).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  • 24.

    Olausen, S. A. & Kaspi, V. M. The McGill magnetar catalog. Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 212, 6 (2014).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  • 25.

    Tsvetkova, A. et al. The Konus-Wind catalog of gamma-ray bursts with known redshifts. I. Bursts detected in the triggered mode. Astrophys. J. 850, 161 (2017).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  • 26.

    Pozanenko, A. et al. GRB 200415A (possible magnetar giant flare in Sculptor galaxy): INTEGRAL observations. GRB Coordinates Network 27627 (2020).

  • 27.

    Rodríguez, M. J. et al. Identification and analysis of the young population in the starburst galaxy NGC 253. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 479, 961–972 (2018).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  • 28.

    Heintz, K. E. et al. Host galaxy properties and offset distributions of fast radio bursts: implications for their progenitors. Astrophys. J. 903, 152 (2020).

    ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • 29.

    Meegan, C. et al. The Fermi gamma-ray burst monitor. Astrophys. J. 702, 791–804 (2009).

    ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • 30.

    Barthelmy, S. D. et al. The burst alert telescope (BAT) on the SWIFT Midex Mission. Space Sci. Rev. 120, 143–164 (2005).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  • 31.

    Rau, A. et al. The 1st INTEGRAL SPI-ACS gamma-ray burst catalogue. Astron. Astrophys. 438, 1175–1183 (2005).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  • 32.

    Ubertini, P. et al. IBIS: the imager on-board INTEGRAL. Astron. Astrophys. 411, L131–L139 (2003).

    ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • 33.

    Labanti, C. et al. The IBIS-PICsIT detector onboard INTEGRAL. Astron. Astrophys. 411, L149–L152 (2003).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  • 34.

    Boynton, W. V. et al. The Mars Odyssey gamma-ray spectrometer instrument suite. Space Sci. Rev. 110, 37–83 (2004).

    ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • 35.

    Hurley, K. et al. Mars Odyssey ioins the third Interplanetary Network. Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 164, 124–129 (2006).

    ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • 36.

    Aptekar, R. L. et al. Konus-W gamma-ray burst experiment for the GGS Wind spacecraft. Space Sci. Rev. 71, 265–272 (1995).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  • 37.

    Harten, R. & Clark, K. The design features of the GGS Wind and Polar spacecraft. Space Sci. Rev. 71, 23–40 (1995).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  • 38.

    Neubert, T. The Atmosphere-Space Interactions Monitor (ASIM) for the International Space Station. AGU Fall Meeting Abstracts AE42A-03 (2006).

  • 39.

    The Fermi GBM Team. GRB 200415A: Fermi GBM final real-time localization. GRB Coordinates Network 27579 (2020).

  • 40.

    Kunzweiler, F. et al. GRB 200415A: BALROG localization (Fermi Trigger 608633290 / GRB 200415367). GRB Coordinates Network 27580 (2020).

  • 41.

    Goldstein, A. et al. Evaluation of automated Fermi GBM localizations of gamma-ray bursts. Astrophys. J. 895, 40 (2020).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  • 42.

    Burgess, J. M. et al. Awakening the BALROG: Bayesian location reconstruction of GRBs. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 476, 1427–1444 (2018).

    ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • 43.

    Berlato, F. et al. Improved Fermi-GBM GRB localizations using BALROG. Astrophys. J. 873, 60 (2019).

    ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • 44.

    Svinkin, D. et al. IPN triangulation of GRB 200415A (possible magnetar giant flare in Sculptor galaxy?). GRB Coordinates Network 27585 (2020).

  • 45.

    Omodei, N. et al. GRB 200415A: Fermi-LAT detection. GRB Coordinates Network 27586 (2020).

  • 46.

    Svinkin, D. et al. Improved IPN error box for GRB 200415A (consistent with the Sculptor galaxy). GRB Coordinates Network 27595 (2020).

  • 47.

    Omodei, N. et al. GRB 200415A: Fermi-LAT localization update. GRB Coordinates Network 27597 (2020).

  • 48.

    Lipunov, V. et al. GRB 200415A: MASTER inspection and possible localisation. GRB Coordinates Network 27599 (2020).

  • 49.

    Hurley, K. et al. The Interplanetary Network. EAS Publ. Ser. 61, 459–464 (2013).

    Google Scholar 

  • 50.

    Hurley, K. et al. The Interplanetary Network supplement to the Fermi GBM catalog of cosmic gamma-ray bursts. Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 207, 39 (2013).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  • 51.

    Pal’shin, V. D. et al. Interplanetary Network localizations of Konus short gamma-ray bursts. Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 207, 38 (2013).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  • 52.

    Tohuvavohu, A. et al. Gamma-ray urgent archiver for novel opportunities (GUANO): Swift/BAT event data dumps on demand to enable sensitive subthreshold GRB searches. Astrophys. J. 900, 35 (2020).

    ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • 53.

    Hurley, K. et al. Precise Interplanetary Network localization of the bursting pulsar GRO J1744-28. Astrophys. J. 537, 953–957 (2000).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  • 54.

    Martin, D. C. et al. The Galaxy Evolution Explorer: a space ultraviolet survey mission. Astrophys. J. 619, L1–L6 (2005).

    ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • 55.

    Gil de Paz, A. et al. The GALEX ultraviolet atlas of nearby galaxies. Astrophys. J. Suppl. Ser. 173, 185–255 (2007).

    ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • 56.

    Kouveliotou, C. et al. Identification of two classes of gamma-ray bursts. Astrophys. J. 413, L101–L104 (1993).

    ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • 57.

    Koshut, T. M. et al. Systematic effects on duration measurements of gamma-ray bursts. Astrophys. J. 463, 570–592 (1996).

    ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • 58.

    Arnaud, K. A. XSPEC: the first ten years. Astron. Soc. Pac. Conf. Ser. 101, 17 (1996).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  • 59.

    Band, D. et al. BATSE observations of gamma-ray burst spectra. I. Spectral diversity. Astrophys. J. 413, 281–292 (1993).

    ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *